Regions of Japan

Japan is a chain of islands. Japan’s four main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. The Ryukyu Islands, which include Okinawa, are a chain to the south of Kyushu.

Together, the islands form the Japanese archipelago. It has 47 prefectures which are in turn geographically divided into eight regions: Hokkaido (island), Tohoku, Kanto, Chubu, Kansai, Chugoku (in Honshu island), Shikoku (island), and Kyushu (including Kyushu and Okinawa islands).

Get to know each region in depth: its customs, culture, traditions, weather, nature and unique food.


Flower garden in Hokkaido, a great area to visit during Golden Week

The new Hokkaido Shinkansen will take you to some of Japan’s most beautiful national parks, top ski resorts, and popular summer destinations.

Hokkaido region features only one prefecture of the same name, and its major cities include Sapporo, Asahikawa and Hakodate, which you can easily reach with your Japan Rail Pass.


Tohoku, in the north of Honshu islands, is one of Japan’s most scenic regions. Known for its mountains and great skiing spots, lakes, hot springs, castles and samurai residences. Its capital, Sendai, is known as the “city of trees” and is home to one of the most popular summer festivals in Japan.

Prefectures: Akita, Aomori, Fukushima, Iwate, Miyagi, and Yamagata.


Kanto region is Japan’s most populated region as it’s home to the greater Tokyo area. You can also find gems like Yokohama, Hakone (and its five lakes), and Kamakura, an ancient city full of historic treasures.

Prefectures: Chiba, Gunma, Ibaraki, Kanagawa, Saitama, Tochigi, and Tokyo.


The Chubu region is located in central Honshu, Japan’s largest island. It is very diverse, including the cities of Nagoya, Takayama and Kanazawa, the Japanese Alps and the mighty Mount Fuji.

Prefectures: Aichi, Fukui, Gifu, Ishikawa, Nagano, Niigata, Shizuoka, Toyama, and Yamanashi.


The Kansai or Kinki region is the western region of the island of Honshu and includes the cities of HimejiKobeKyoto, Osaka, and Nara. It is the cultural and historical heart of Japan and the second-most populated after Kanto.

Prefectures: Hyōgo, Kyoto, Mie, Nara, Osaka, Shiga and Wakayama.


Korakuen Garden
Chugoku, also known as the Sanin-Sanyo region, is the westernmost region of Honshu island. This is where you can ride the Sunrise Express night trains and visit the great Izumo Shrine, Okayama (and its Korakuen Garden), Hiroshima and Miyajima.

Prefectures: Hiroshima, Okayama, Shimane, Tottori and Yamaguchi.


Shikoku is Japan’s smallest island and region and probably the most peaceful one. It is known for its abundant nature, beautiful rivers, and wonderful onsen, and it is the home of the 88 Temple Pilgrimage as well as Matsuyama and Takamatsu cities.

Prefectures: Ehime, Kagawa, Kōchi, and Tokushima.


The Kyushu region includes both Kyushu island and Okinawa islands. Kyushu offers a perfect mix of history, natural beauty, and modern cities like Fukuoka. Okinawa, the southernmost prefecture, its known for its magnificent beaches.

Prefectures: Fukuoka, Kumamoto, Nagasaki, Ōita and Saga in Northern Kyushu; Kagoshima, Miyazaki and Okinawa in Southern Kyushu.

Japan regions and prefectures
Map of Japanese regions and prefectures

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