Main cities of Japan

The Japanese archipelago consists of more than 6,000 islands in the Pacific Ocean, forming one of the most populated countries in the world with a population of approximately 127 million people. The four largest islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, and are divided into eight regions.

Japan is a country rich with tradition, culture, and technology. Each city offers visitors its unique take on Japanese culture. In this section, you will find everything you need to know about the main cities in Japan. What to do, where to eat, shop, when to go and how to use your JR Pass to move around from city to city.

Tokyo

Shibuya crossing in Tokyo

Tokyo is the capital city of Japan and the most populous metropolitan area in the world. It is one of the most captivating cities in the world, from the majestic temples of traditional Japan to the bright neon lights of Shibuya.

Tokyo has something for everyone and it is definitely a place to visit once in a lifetime. Plan your trip to Tokyo to perfection by reading our guides.

Kyoto

Golden Pavilion in Kyoto (Kansai)Kyoto, considered by many as Japan’s most beautiful city, was the Japanese capital until the government was moved to Tokyo in 1868. However, the city is still Japan’s religious center with over 1000 Buddhist temples.

Kyoto is also home to some of Japan’s most iconic landmarks, with some of the most sublime and exquisite gardens, temples and masterpieces you will ever see.

Osaka

Dotonbori neon lights in OsakaOsaka is Japan’s third-largest city and was the country’s first capital. It is considered a vital economic center in Japan. It is home to the largest seaport in Japan and many leading Japanese manufacturers.

Osaka city is also deemed a culinary paradise: its nickname Tenka no Daidokoro means the nation’s kitchen.

Other important cities and popular destinations

Yokohama

Yokohama and Mount FujiLocated in the Tokyo urban area, Yokohama is actually Japan’s second most populated city. 20 minutes south of Tokyo Station by train, Yokohama’s bay and Chinatown are not to be missed by curious travelers and food lovers.

Nagoya

Nagoya city and skylineThe largest city in the central Chubu region, Nagoya is one of Japan’s major ports and also an important Shinkansen bullet trains hub. From shopping to science and kid-friendly amusement parks, Nagoya’s attractions are certainly not to be missed.

Kobe

Kobe maritime museumEnclosed by the sea on one side and a majestic mountain range on the other, Kobe is close to Osaka and Kyoto, and also considered one of Japan’s most beautiful big cities.

Fukuoka


The city of Fukuoka is one of the main tourist destinations in southern Japan, and it is listed among Japan’s ten most populous cities. It is the largest city on the island of Kyushu, and packed with amazing travel experiences.

Hiroshima

Hiroshima‘s deep historical roots are evident in its ancient gardens and castles, as well as the remains of the atomic bombing during the World War II. Nowadays, Hiroshima and its neighbour island, Miyajima, are home to over one million people and a favorite stop for tourists.

Sapporo

Odori Park in SapporoSapporo is the fifth largest city in Japan and capital of the northern island of Hokkaido. In less than two centuries, Sapporo has enjoyed rapid growth and now it is known for its winter sports venues, great outdoor areas, ramen, and beer.